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Rodolfo Lipizer


(Gorizia 16.1.1895 - 8.6.1974)

Italian violinist, professor of music, composer, orchestra conductor. His family was from Gorizia and had ancient music traditions: his father was a good clarinet-player, his maternal grand-father, Antonio Pelizon, was a famous violinmaker, who followed the technique of Amati's school. Rodolfo Lipizer graduated from the Conservatory "G. Verdi" in Milan, and went on to study at Vienna Musical Academy of State with M° Gottfried Feist, obtaining the best marks. At Vienna Academy he also studied composition with Prof. Mandyczewski and Marx as well as orchestra conducting with Prof. Franz Schalk; at the same time he attended the Faculty of Philosophy at Vienna University with the musicologist, historian and philosopher Guido Adler, friend of Mahler, one of the founders of the great Austrian musicology of historicistic kind. He started his violin career at a very young age as soloist and with chamber music formations. In 1927 he won the competition to become permanent conductor of Abbazia Symphony Orchestra. Between 1930 and 1961 he was the Director of the School of Music in Gorizia and the founder of Gorizia Symphony Orchestra which he conducted with the cooperation of famous soloists of the time as Pina Carmirelli, Gioconda De Vito, Carlo Vidusso, Aldo Priano, Jan Kubelik, Marcel Tyberg, Ornella Orlandini, Alessandro Costantinides, Giannino Carpi, Silvano Massoni and many others. For thirteen years (until he died) he was the President of the "C.A. Seghizzi" International Choir Singing Competition as well as of other competitions. He was also the trustee of the National Music Trust and of the Academy of present-day Music. He devoted himself particularly to teaching and didactics, trying to find out helpful and more modern solutions to the various technical problems of violin music. He was able to add to his artistic training deriving from the Italian-Viennese schools, his own creative nature experience. Thanks to all that he was able to compose main violin works, even grater than those of the school leaders O. Ševčík and C. Flesch. (A. von Horn, Violinpädagogik en Utopia, Würzburg 1974, pag. 31).

Compositions: The higher technique of the violin (Ed. Ricordi ER 2602)The art and the technique of vibrato on the violin and violaThe vibrato technique on double stopsStudies on the basic violin techniquesVarious technical studies: thirds, fourths, sixths, octaves and changes of positionRevision of the J.S. Bach Sonatas and Partitas for unaccompanied violinVarious compositions: Lyrical intermezzos on verses H. Heine (transl. E. Pocar) Orchestral commentary for the representation of "Agamemnon" by Aeschilus M. Button - R. Lipizer - Ave Maria for soprano, chorus and organ R. Schumann - R. Lipizer Evening song for Strings A. Lasciac - R. Lipizer, Madone di Mont Sant for chorus and organ Villotas friulianMattinata for male chorus and orchestra Orchestration of compositions by various authors: N. Porpora-Corti, E. Escher, F.J. Gossec, C.A. Seghizzi, V. Veneziani and more.

Bibliography: Die Geigen- und Lautenmacher by Willibald Leo Freiherrn von LÜTGENDORFF, Ed. von Heinrich Keller, Frankfurt am Main 1904. L'Insegnamento Musicale a Gorizia e l'Istituto Comunale di Musica, Municipio di Gorizia, Stab. Tip. Giovanni PATERNOLLI, Gorizia 1931. Professionisti ed Artisti del Friuli–Venezia Giulia, by E. D'AGOSTINO, Editoriale F.I.T.-Torino 1935. Vecchia Liuteria Goriziana, by Ranieri Mario COSSÀR, edited by Istituto per il Promovimento delle Industrie e dell'Artigianato in Gorizia 1939. Istituto Comunale di Musica, Relazione del primo decennio di attività e cronache delle musiche sinfoniche eseguite a Gorizia dal 1924 al 1940, by Carlo Luigi BOZZI, Stab. Tip. Giovanni PATERNOLLI, Gorizia 1940. Enciclopedia della Musica e dei Musicisti, Ed. Musicale Giuliana, TriesteDe Anna Plinio, Analisi e guida allo studio della 2ª parte de’ La Tecnica superiore del violino di Rodolfo Lipizer (as indicated by the author himself), Stab.Tip. L. Lucchesi, Gorizia 1941 Violinpädagogik in Utopia by Alfred Freiherr von HORN, Würzburg 1974. Enciclopedia Monografica del Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Arti Grafiche Friulane, Udine 1980. Tips für Geiger by Alfred Freiherr von HORN, Würzburg 1981. Primorski Slovenski Biografski Leksikon edited by Martin Jevnikar, Goriška Mohorjeva Dru¸ba, Gorizia 1983. Ergänzungsblätter zu Tips für Geiger by Alfred Freiherr von HORN, Würzburg 1984. DEUMM – Dizionario Enciclopedico Universale della Musica e dei Musicisti, Casa Editrice UTET, Torino 1986. International violin Meetings (1983, 1984,1985,1986, 1987), minutes edited by Gianni DRASCEK, Gioiosa Editrice, Sannicandro Garganico 1991. International violin Meetings (1988,1989,1990), minutes edited by Gianni DRASCEK, Santabarbara Editore, Bellona 1994. Threeyearly International Lutery Meeting (1984-1987-1990), minutes edited by Gianni DRASCEK, Santabarbara Editore, Bellona 1994. Rodolfo Lipizer. Testimonianze edited by Elena LIPIZER, Edizioni della Laguna, Monfalcone 1996. Rodolfo Lipizer by Paolo BOZZI, Edizioni Studio Tesi, Pordenone 1997, preface by Alessandro ARBO. Musicisti di frontiera – Ricerche sulle attività musicali a Gorizia dal Medioevo al Novecento by Alessandro ARBO, Edizioni della Laguna, Monfalcone 1998. International violin meeting (1999) Johann Paul von Westhoff author before the bach era, minutes edited by Gianni Drascek - musical consultant Elena Lipizer, Edizioni Santabarbara, Bellona CE, 1999. ■ International Violin Meetings (1991-1992) Minutes edited by Gianni Drascek – musical consultant Elena Lipizer, Edizioni Santabarbara, Bellona CE, 2001. Gallarotti Antonella, Gorizian Characters of the Millennium, Edizioni della Laguna, Mariano del Friuli GO, 2002. «Lipizer, Rodolfo», by A. Arbo in Biographical Dictionary of the Italians, vol. 65, Roma, Treccani, 2005, p. 177-179.  Friuli Venezia Giulia, Enciclopedia, Music, Theatre, Cinema, other arts – Messaggero Veneto UD – Il Piccolo TS, 2006, Vol. 9, pag. 198 AA.VV., Trgovski Dom di Gorizia - Cent’anni di presenza, Grafica Goriziana, Gorizia, 2007■ Il Polifonico goriziano di Cecilia Seghizzi, Tipografia Budin, Gorizia 2009.